Israel ACES
 

Israel - Independence War 1948
(The start of an Air Force)

Started as 6 months of civil war between Jewish and Arab militias at the end of the British Mandate of Palestine and turned into a regular war after the declaration of independence of Israel and the intervention of several Arab armies.


Egypt:

40 fighters (Spitfire/ Macchi)

10 bombers (converted Dakota)

Iraq:

5 fighters (Hawker Fury)

4 bombers (converted AT-6 trainers)

Syria:

o fighters

15 bombers (converted AT-6 trainers)

Israel:

25 fighters Avia S-199

19 observation (Auster AOP 5/PA-18 Piper Cub)

2 bombers (converted De Havilland Dragon Rapide/ Noorduyn Norseman)


By October 1948, the new IAF had also acquired several Spitfire IXs, P-51 D Mustangs, and B-17Gs from various sources, mainly from the U.S., and France and Sweden. Other aircraft included such former RAF types as the Bristol Beaufighter, De Havilland Mosquito, and Lockheed Hudson. Six Curtiss C-46 Commandos and five Douglas Dakotas made up the vital transport section.

Allon Mordechai  had 3 victories :  2 Egyptian C-47 1 Egyptian Spitfire with a Messerschmitt Avia S199

Israel - Suez War 1956

A military attack on Egypt by Britain, France and Israel, beginning on 29 October 1956, with the intention to occupy the Sinai Peninsula and to take over the Suez Canal. The attack followed Egypt's decision of 26 July 1956 to nationalize the Suez Canal after the withdrawal of an offer by Britain and the United States to fund the building of the Aswan Dam. Although the Israeli invasion of the Sinai was successful, the US and USSR forced it to retreat. Even so, Israel managed to re-open the Straits of Tiran and pacified its southern border.


Egypt:

90 fighters (Meteor F.8, MiG-15, MiG-17)
15 light attack (Vampire)

40 bombers (IL-28)

Israel:

80 fighters: (30 P-51, 10 (Meteor F9, 3 NF. 13),16 Mystere IV-A)

20 bombers/light attack: Ouragan, 2 bombers (B-17G)










As in the War of Independence, both sides also included several examples of other aircraft that filled in for various transport, liaison, and miscellaneous missions. Egypt operated squadrons of C-46, C-47 and 11-14 transports, while Israel still flew aging Mosquitos and C-47s, alongside newer Nord Noratlases. C-47s dropped paratroops near the Mitla Pass on October 29, 1956, in one of the major Israeli offensive operations of the war.

Unlike any other war of the Arab-Israeli confrontation, Israel received direct support from two major European countries, Britain and France, whose aircraft and troops participated in attack missions and offensives against the Egyptians.

METEOR

MYSTERE

OURAGAN

Six-Day War  1967

Fought between Israel and Arab neighbours Egypt, Jordan and Syria. The nations of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Algeria and others also contributed troops and arms to the Arab forces. Following the war, the territory held by Israel expanded significantly ("The Purple Line") : The West Bank (including East Jerusalem) from Jordan, Golan Heights from Syria, Sinai and Gaza from Egypt.


Egypt:

380 fighters (MiG-15, MiG-17, MiG-19, MiG-21, Su-7)
40 bombers (IL-28)

30 bombers (Tu-16)

Jordan:

34 fighters (Vampire, Hunter, F-104A Starfighter)

Syria:

136 fighters (MiG-15, MiG-17, MiG-21)
6 bombers (IL-28)

Iraq:

88 fighters (MiG-17, MiG-19, MiG-21, Hunter)
10 bombers (IL-28)

12 bombers (Tu-16)

Lebanon:

12 fighters (Hunter)

Israel:

196 fighters (Ouraqan, Mystere IVA, Super Mystere, Mirage)

25 Vautour bombers 

76 Fouga trainers, with limited ground attack capability










The overall ratio of the combined Arab air forces to the IAF was roughly three to one. Egypt and Syria, in particular, had been the happy recipients of a flood of Soviet aid since 1956, including several squadrons of top-of-the-line MiG and Sukhoi fighters and fighterbombers. On paper, at least, the Egyptian and Syrian air forces should have been able to steam roll right over every Israeli ground force, and every aerial strike force.

However, with less than 70 Mirage IllCJs in three squadrons, and six squadrons of aging Ouragan, Mystere and Super Mystere fighter bombers, the IAF accomplished the impossible, nailing the Arab air forces to the ground in a brilliant air strike on June 5,1967. By the time the Arabs had collected themselves and begun flying a limited number of operational missions, the Israelis were well on their way toward the Suez Canal, and Damascus.

MIRAGE

VAUTOUR

War of Attrition 1968-1970

A limited war fought between the Israeli military and forces of the Egyptian Republic, the USSR, Jordan, Syria and the Palestine Liberation Organization from 1967 to 1970. It was initiated by the Egyptians as a way of recapturing the Sinai from the Israelis, who had been in control of the territory since the mid-1967 Six-Day War. The hostilities ended with a ceasefire signed between the countries in 1970 with frontiers remaining in the same place as when the war began.


Egypt

400 fighters (MiG-15, MiG-17, MiG-21)
90 light-attack bombers (Su-7)

24 light bombers (IL-28)

27 bombers (Tu-16)

Israel:

55 fighters (Mirage III)

32 medium-attack (by December 1969), (F-4E Phantom)

33 light-attack (Mystere IV, Super Mystere)

85 light attack (A-4E/F)










The War of Attrition was a period of transition for both sides. While the Egyptians continued receiving Soviet supplies, they also modernized their defences, eventually gaining Israel during this time moved away from their French benefactors and actively sought the newest American designs, specifically, the F-4 Phantom, and the older A-4 Skyhawk, which were much in demand by U.S. squadrons Southeast Asia.

Both aircraft offered greatly increased capabilities, which the IAF desperately needed. The A-4 was simple and rugged, while the F-4 was also tough but breathtakingly powerful, able to carry heavy loads, and also engage Arab MiGs with great confidence.

SKYHAWK

PHANTOM

Yom Kippur War 1973


Fought from October 6 to October 26, 1973 by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel as a way of recapturing part of the territories which they lost to the Israelis back in the Six-Day War. The war began with a surprise joint attack by Egypt and Syria on the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. Egypt and Syria crossed the cease-fire lines in the Sinai and Golan Heights, respectively. Eventually Arab forces were defeated by Israel and there were no significant territorial changes.


Egypt:

350 fighters (MiG-17, MiG-19, MiG-21)
120 fighter-bombers (Su-7)

18 bombers (Tu-16)

5 light bombers (IL-28)

Syria:

120 fighters (MiG~21)

100 fighter-bombers (MiG-17)

45 fighter-bombers (Su-7, Su-20)

Israel:

90 fighters (Mirage III, and Nesher)

130 fighter-bombers (Phantom F-4E)

25 fighter-bombers (Super Mysteres)

135 light-attack (Skyhawk A-4E/F, A-4H)


After getting through the initial shock of the Egyptian attack in the early afternoon of October 6, sustaining heavy losses in its A-4 and F-4 squadrons, the IAF fought back on two fronts, countering Egyptian and Syrian aerial attacks, as well as intense surface-to-air missile barrages.

The combined Mirage/Nesher squadrons gave good accounts of themselves against late-model MiGs, and also engaged swing-wing Su-20 Fitters, the first combat use of variable-geometry aircraft.

The heaviest IAF losses were in the A-4 squadrons, whose pilots waded into the vast thickets of SAM and AAA defences each time they flew close air support or interdiction missions along the Suez Canal or over the Golan Heights.

NESHER "Eagle" is the Israeli version of the Dassault Mirage 5

1982 Lebanon War and Arab/Israeli Skirmishes

Began in 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces invaded southern Lebanon to expel the PLO from the territory. The Government of Israel ordered the invasion as a response to the assassination attempt against Israel's ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, by the Abu Nidal Organization and due to the constant terror attacks on northern Israel made by the Palestinian guerilla organizations which resided in Lebanon. The war resulted in the expulsion of the PLO from Lebanon and created an Israeli Security Zone in southern Lebanon.

South Lebanon conflict (1982–2000) - Nearly 20 years of warfare between the Israel Defense Force and its Lebanese proxy militias with Lebanese Muslim guerrilla, led by Iranian-backed Hezbollah, within what was defined by Israelis as the "Security Zone" in South Lebanon.

Scores of Selected IAF Aces, 1967-1982



Col. G. (Res)

Brig. Gen. (Res) Iftach Spector

Brig. Gen. Amir Nahumi

Brig. Gen. Ashir Snir

Col. Abraham Shalmon

Col. Ya'akov Richter

Col. (Res) Oded Marom

Brig. Gen. Israel Baharab

LtCol. Eitan Karmi

LtCol. Shlomo Levi

Col. Yehuda Koren

Col. Ilan Gonen

Brig. Gen. Shlomo Egozi

Brig. Gen. M.

Col. (Res) Uri Gill

Brig. Gen. Amos Amir

Brig. Gen. Ran Ronen

LtCol. Yirmiahu Kadar

LtCol. Moshe Hertz

Col. Uri Even-Nir

Brig. Gen. Yoram Agmon

LtCol. Eitan Peled

LtCol. Ariel Cohen

Maj. Gen. Giora Rom

LtCol. Ben-Ami Peri

Maj. itamar Noiner

Mirage/Nesher

Mirage/F-4

F-4/F-16

Mirage/F-4

Mirage

Mirage

Mirage

Mirage

Mirage/Nesher

Mirage

Mirage

Mirage/Nesher

F-4

F-4/F-15

Mirage/F-16

Mirage

Mirage

Nesher

Mirage/Nesher

Mirage

Mirage/F-4

F-4

Nesher

Mirage

F-4

Mirage

17

15

14

13.5

13.5

11.5

11

11

9

9

9

8

8

7.5

7.5

7

7

7

6.5

6

6

5

5

5

5

5

• Res = reserve. These individuals have left active duty but remain part of the IAF as reservists.

  1. Spector got a kill in 1966.

  2. Nahumi is an ace in two aircraft, as well as being the first F-16 ace.

  3. Shalmon scored two kills over Syrian MiG-21 in1974, when 8 MiGs intercepted his flight of 4 Mirages over Lebanon.

  4. Koren got a kill in 1966.

• M. got the first kill with an F-15 in 1979.

  1. Agmon got the first kill for the Mirage in 1966.

  2. Rom is the first IAF ace.

  3. Peri is the last F-4 ace.

Look at their ranks

They were not promoted behind a desk but sitting in a fighter cockpit !

The Avia S-199 built after World War II by the Avia Company Skoda Works in Czechoslovakia. Despite the aircraft's numerous problems and unpopularity with its pilots, it achieved fame as the first fighter obtained by the Israeli Air Force, for use during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
In practice, the aircraft was more often called Messerschmitt or Messer (which also means "knife", in German and Yiddish).

MESSERSCHMITT

F-15 EAGLE McDonnell Douglas
(now Boeing)

McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15 EAGLE

McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15 EAGLE

McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15 EAGLE

McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15 EAGLE

F-16 FALCON General Dynamics
(now Lockheed-Martin)

1981: Israel bombs Baghdad nuclear reactor

Operation Babylon was a surprise Israeli air strike carried out on 7 June 1981. A flight of Israeli Air Force F-16A fighter aircraft (fitted with the Belgian LORAL ECM), with an escort of F-15As, bombed and heavily damaged  a nuclear reactor Osirak, under construction 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) southeast of Baghdad, Iraq.